Differential regulation of human tyrosine hydroxylase isoforms 1 and 2 in situ: Isoform 2 is not phosphorylated at Ser35.
Sarah L Gordon, Larisa Bobrovskaya, Peter R Dunkley, Phillip W Dickson
Biochim Biophys Acta | Published : 2009
The major human tyrosine hydroxylase isoforms (hTH1 and 2) differ in their ability to be phosphorylated in vitro. hTH1 is phosphorylated at Ser31 by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). This kinase is not capable of phosphorylating hTH2 at Ser35 (the residue that corresponds to Ser31 in hTH1). We have stably transfected SH-SY5Y cells with hTH1 or hTH2 to determine if hTH2 can be phosphorylated at Ser35 in situ. Forskolin increased the phosphorylation of Ser40 in hTH1 and Ser44 in hTH2. Muscarine increased the phosphorylation of both Ser19 and Ser40/44 in both hTH1 and hTH2. EGF increased the phosphorylation of Ser31 in hTH1. Phosphorylation of Ser35 in hTH2 was not detected under any..View full abstract