Journal article

An outbreak of vanA vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium in a hospital with endemic vanB VRE

Angus Hughes, Susan Ballard, Sheena Sullivan, Caroline Marshall

INFECTION DISEASE & HEALTH | ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In Australia, vanB vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) has been endemic for over 20 years, but vanA VREfm isolates have rarely been reported. METHODS: This outbreak report describes an outbreak of vanA VREfm in the intensive care unit (ICU) and cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) wards of a Melbourne hospital in 2015-2016. After the cluster was initially identified in the ICU ward, an active screening programme was implemented. VRE isolates were typed using in silico multi-locus sequence typing. In addition, to screening, enhanced environmental cleaning, chlorhexidine gluconate body washes, and standardisation of the surgical antibiotic prophylaxis regimen were implemented..

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