Journal article

Preictal autonomic dynamics in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

Alaric M Indranada, Saul A Mullen, Melanie J Wong, Wendy J D'Souza, Richard AA Kanaan

EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) resemble seizures but are psychological in origin. The etiology of PNES remains poorly understood, yet several theories argue for the importance of autonomic dysregulation in its pathophysiology. We therefore conducted a retrospective study to investigate autonomic dynamics leading up to a seizure to inform their mechanistic relevance. METHODS: One hundred one patients with PNES and 45 patients with epileptic seizure (ES) were analyzed for preictal heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) at baseline and at minute intervals from 5 min to onset. RESULTS: Patients with PNES showed rising HR (p < 0.001, repeated-measures analysis of variance..

View full abstract