Decreased fibrocyte number is associated with atherosclerotic plaque instability in man.
Lu Fang, Xiao-Lei Moore, William Chan, David A White, Jaye Chin-Dusting, Anthony M Dart
Cardiovasc Res | Published : 2012
AIMS: Plaque rupture partly results from inadequate collagen synthesis due to lower smooth muscle cell numbers in fibrous caps. Fibrocytes are bone-marrow-derived circulating mesenchymal progenitors and have recently been identified in fibrous caps. This study hypothesized that reduced fibrocyte numbers would be associated with plaque instability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) (n = 22), stable angina (SA) (n = 20), or healthy controls (n = 22) were recruited. Circulating fibrocytes (CD45(+)/CD34(+)/collagen I(+)) were measured by flow cytometry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from blood and cultured for 2 weeks, and fibrocytes w..View full abstract