Out-of-pocket expenses incurred by patients obtaining free breast cancer care in Haiti: A pilot study.
Kathleen M O'Neill, Morgan Mandigo, Jordan Pyda, Yolande Nazaire, Sarah LM Greenberg, Rowan Gillies, Ruth Damuse
Surgery | Published : 2015
BACKGROUND: Women in low- and middle-income countries account for 51% of breast cancer cases globally. These patients often delay seeking care and, therefore, present with advanced disease, partly because of fear of catastrophic health care expenses. Although there have been efforts to make health care affordable in low- and middle-income countries, the financial burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses for nonmedical costs, such as transportation and lost wages, often is overlooked. METHODS: An institutional review board exemption was granted from Boston Children's Hospital and Partners in Health/Zanmi Lasante for this cross-sectional study. In total, 61 patients receiving breast cancer care ..View full abstract