Journal article

Ultrasound and Sonochemistry for Radical Polymerization: Sound Synthesis

Thomas G McKenzie, Fatemeh Karimi, Muthupandian Ashokkumar, Greg G Qiao

CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL | WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH | Published : 2019

Abstract

The use of ultrasound as an external stimulus for promoting polymerization reactions has received increasing attention in recent years. In this Review article, the fundamental processes that can lead to either the homolytic cleavage of polymer chains, or the sonolysis of solvent (or other) small molecules, under the application of ultrasound are described. These reactions promote the production of reactive radicals, which can be utilized in chain-growth radical polymerizations under the right conditions. A full historical overview of the development of ultrasound-assisted radical polymerization is provided, with special attention given to the recently described systems that are "controlled" ..

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