The effect of transportation on the immune status of Bos indicus steers.
KJ Stanger, N Ketheesan, AJ Parker, CJ Coleman, SM Lazzaroni, LA Fitzpatrick
J Anim Sci | Published : 2005
This study investigated the effect of 72 h of road transport on the immune status of Bos indicus steers (n = 10; age = 15 to 18 mo). Total and differential leukocyte numbers and lymphocyte function were determined at 2 d before transport (-48 h), immediately after 72 h of transport (72 h), and 6 d after transport (216 h). Phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation, interferon-gamma production, and tetanus-toxoid specific antibody levels were determined. Total leukocyte and eosinophil numbers showed a transient decrease at 72 h (immediately after transport; P < 0.05) and returned to baseline values by 6 d after transport. Lymphocyte numbers and antibody titers were unaffecte..View full abstract