Prevalence of koala retrovirus in geographically diverse populations in Australia.
GS Simmons, PR Young, JJ Hanger, K Jones, D Clarke, JJ McKee, J Meers
Aust Vet J | Published : 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of koala retrovirus (KoRV) in selected koala populations and to estimate proviral copy number in a subset of koalas. METHODS: Blood or tissue samples from 708 koalas in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia were tested for KoRV pol provirus gene using standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR), nested PCR and real-time PCR (qPCR). RESULTS: Prevalence of KoRV provirus-positive koalas was 100% in four regions of Queensland and New South Wales, 72.2% in mainland Victoria, 26.6% on four Victorian islands and 14.8% on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Estimated proviral copy number per cell in four groups of koalas from Queensland and Victo..View full abstract