Journal article

A Neutrophil Timer Coordinates Immune Defense and Vascular Protection

Jose M Adrover, Carlos del Fresno, Georgiana Crainiciuc, Maria Isabel Cuartero, Maria Casanova-Acebes, Linnea A Weiss, Hector Huerga-Encabo, Carlos Silvestre-Roig, Jan Rossaint, Itziar Cossio, Ana V Lechuga-Vieco, Jaime Garcia-Prieto, Monica Gomez-Parrizas, Juan A Quintana, Ivan Ballesteros, Sandra Martin-Salamanca, Alejandra Aroca-Crevillen, Shu Zhen Chong, Maximilien Evrard, Karl Balabanian Show all

IMMUNITY | CELL PRESS | Published : 2019


Neutrophils eliminate pathogens efficiently but can inflict severe damage to the host if they over-activate within blood vessels. It is unclear how immunity solves the dilemma of mounting an efficient anti-microbial defense while preserving vascular health. Here, we identify a neutrophil-intrinsic program that enabled both. The gene Bmal1 regulated expression of the chemokine CXCL2 to induce chemokine receptor CXCR2-dependent diurnal changes in the transcriptional and migratory properties of circulating neutrophils. These diurnal alterations, referred to as neutrophil aging, were antagonized by CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) and regulated the outer topology of neutrophils to favor h..

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Awarded by MEIC

Awarded by European Commission

Awarded by European Research Council (ERC)

Awarded by ERC

Awarded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Awarded by German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK)

Awarded by Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (FIS)

Awarded by Cardiovascular Network grant

Awarded by Pro CNIC Foundation

Awarded by Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence (MEIC)

Awarded by Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad; MEIC

Funding Acknowledgements

We thank all members of the Hidalgo Lab for discussion and insightful comments; J.M. Ligos, R. Nieto, and M. Viton for help with sorting and cytometric analyses; I. Ortega and E. Santos for animal husbandry; D. Rico, M.J. Gomez, C. Torroja, and F. Sanchez-Cabo for insightful comments and help with transcriptomic analyses; V. Labrador, E. Arza, A.M. Santos, and the Microscopy Unit of the CNIC for help with microscopy; S. Aznar-Benitah, U. Albrecht, Q.-J. Meng, B. Staels, and H. Duez for the generous gift of mice; J.A. Enriquez and J. Avila for scientific insights; and J.M. Garcia and A. Diez de la Cortina for art. This study was supported by Intramural grants from A* STAR to L.G.N., BES-2013-065550 to J.M.A., BES-2010-032828 to M.C.-A, and JCI-2012-14147 to L.A.W (all from Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad; MEIC). Additional MEIC grants were SAF2014-61993-EXP to C.L.-R.; SAF2015-68632-R to M.A.M. and SAF-2013-42920R and SAF2016-79040Rto D.S. D.S. also received 635122-PROCROP H2020 from the European Commission and ERC CoG 725091 from the European Research Council (ERC). ERC AdG 692511 PROVASC from the ERC and SFB1123-A1 from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft were given to C.W.; MHA VD1.2/81Z1600212 from the German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK) was given to C.W. and O.S.; SFB1123-A6 was given to O.S.; SFB914-B08 was given to O.S. and C.W.; and INST 211/604-2, ZA 428/12-1, and ZA 428/13-1 were given to A.Z. This study was also supported by PI12/00494 from Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (FIS) to C.M.; PI13/01979, Cardiovascular Network grant RD 12/0042/0054, and CIBERCV to B.I.; SAF2015-65607-R, SAF2013-49662-EXP, and PCIN-2014-103 from MEIC; and co-funding by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) to A.H. The CNIC is supported by the MEIC and the Pro CNIC Foundation and is a Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence (MEIC award SEV-2015-0505).