Journal article

Are school-SES effects statistical artefacts? Evidence from longitudinal population data

Gary N Marks

Oxford Review of Education | Taylor & Francis (Routledge) | Published : 2015


Schools’ socioeconomic status (SES) has been claimed as an important influence on student performance and there are calls for a policy response. However, there is an extensive literature which for various reasons casts doubt on the veracity of school-SES effects. This paper investigates school-SES effects with population data from a longitudinal cohort of school students which includes achievement measures in Years 3, 5 and 7. Estimates for school-SES are unstable under differing model and measurement specifications. School-SES effects are trivial controlling for student- and school-level prior ability. Inconsistent with theoretical explanations, school-SES effects were stronger with weaker ..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers