Journal article

Reduction in adiposity affects the extent of afferent projections to growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin neurons and the degree of colocalization of neuropeptides in growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin cells of the ovine hypothalamus

J Iqbal, TR Manley, P Ciofi, IJ Clarke

ENDOCRINOLOGY | ENDOCRINE SOC | Published : 2005

Abstract

Various neuropeptides and neurotransmitters affect GH secretion by acting on GHRH and somatostatin (SRIF) cells. GH secretion is also affected by alteration in adiposity, which could be via modulation of GHRH and SRIF cells. We quantified colocalization of neuropeptides in GHRH and SRIF cells and afferent projections to these cells in lean (food restricted) and normally fed sheep (n=4/group). The number of GHRH-immunoreactive (IR) cells in the arcuate nucleus was higher in lean animals, but the number of SRIF-IR cells in the periventricular nucleus was similar in the two groups. A subpopulation of GHRH-IR cells colocalized neuropeptide Y in lean animals, but this was not seen in normally fed..

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