Journal article

Sex Differences in the Metabolic Effects of Testosterone in Sheep

Scott D Clarke, Iain J Clarke, Alexandra Rao, Michael A Cowley, Belinda A Henry

ENDOCRINOLOGY | ENDOCRINE SOC | Published : 2012

Abstract

Adiposity is regulated in a sexually divergent manner. This is partly due to sex steroids, but the differential effects of androgens in males and females are unclear. We investigated effects of testosterone on energy balance in castrated male (n = 6) and female sheep (n = 4), which received 3 × 200 mg testosterone implants for 2 wk or blank implants (controls). Temperature probes were implanted into retroperitoneal fat and skeletal muscle. Blood samples were taken to measure metabolites and insulin. In males, muscle and fat biopsies were collected to measure uncoupling protein (UCP) mRNA and phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase and Akt. Testosterone did not change food intake in e..

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University of Melbourne Researchers