Journal article

DIRECT PITUITARY EFFECTS OF ESTROGEN AND PROGESTERONE ON GONADOTROPIN-SECRETION IN THE OVARIECTOMIZED EWE

IJ CLARKE, JT CUMMINS

Neuroendocrinology | KARGER | Published : 1984

Abstract

The direct pituitary effects of estrogen and progesterone on the secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were studied in ovariectomized (OVX) ewes in which the pituitary had been disconnected surgically from the hypothalamus (hypothalamo-pituitary disconnection, HPD). Gonadotropin secretion was restored with hourly pulses of 500 ng gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) via intra-atrial cannulae. Intramuscular injections of 50 micrograms estradiol benzoate (EB) to 5 sheep initially caused reductions (approximately 50%) in plasma LH baseline, peak values and LH pulse amplitude. Thereafter all parameters of plasma LH concentration increased 2- to 3-fold abov..

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