Journal article

Seasonal changes in the expression of neuropeptide Y and pro-opiomelanocortin mRNA in the arcuate nucleus of the ovariectomized ewe: Relationship to the seasonal appetite and breeding cycles

IJ Clarke, CJ Scott, A Rao, S Pompolo, ML Barker-Gibb

JOURNAL OF NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2000

Abstract

Sheep experience well-documented seasonal changes in reproductive activity and voluntary food intake (VFI). Within the hypothalamus, neurones that express neuropeptide Y (NPY) and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) have been implicated in the regulation of reproduction and appetite. In this study, we aimed to determine the extent to which the expression of these two neuronal systems is linked to the seasonal reproductive cycle and/or the seasonal appetite cycle. VFI in our sheep reaches a nadir in August with no difference occurring between December and February. We examined the brains of ovariectomized (OVX) female sheep (n=5-7) that were killed during the breeding season (February) or during the ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers