Journal article

Neuroendocrine mechanisms of innate states of attenuated responsiveness of the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal axis to stress

AJ Tilbrook, IJ Clarke

FRONTIERS IN NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2006

Abstract

Neuroendocrine responses to stress vary between sexes and reproductive states and are influenced by the type of stressor. Stress responses are attenuated in some physiological states, such as lactation and conditions of low visceral adipose tissue. Moreover, some individuals within a species characteristically display reduced stress responses. The neuroendocrine mechanisms for stress hyporesponsiveness are likely to include reduced synthesis and secretion of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the hypothalamus as a result of enhanced glucocorticoid negative feedback and/or reduced noradrenergic stimulatory input from the brain stem. A major limitation of..

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University of Melbourne Researchers