Journal article

Control of GnRH secretion: One step back

Iain J Clarke

FRONTIERS IN NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2011

Abstract

The reproductive system is controlled by gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the brain, which is finely modulated by a number of factors including gonadal sex steroids. GnRH cells do not express estrogen receptor α, but feedback is transmitted by neurons that are at least 'one step back' from the GnRH cells. Modulation by season, stress and nutrition are effected by neuronal pathways that converge on the GnRH cells. Kisspeptin and gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) neurons are regulators of GnRH secretion, the former being a major conduit for transmission of sex steroid feedback. GnIH cells project to GnRH cells and may play a role in the seasonal changes in reproductive..

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University of Melbourne Researchers