Journal article

Progesterone-receptive dopaminergic and neuropeptide Y neurons project from the arcuate nucleus to gonadotropin-releasing hormone-rich regions of the ovine preoptic area

L Dufourny, A Caraty, IJ Clarke, JE Robinson, DC Skinner

NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY | KARGER | Published : 2005

Abstract

Progesterone inhibits gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in sheep through an interneuronal system located in the mediobasal hypothalamus. This study focused on known inhibitors of GnRH secretion in sheep, dopamine and neuropeptide Y (NPY). As the distributions of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)- and NPY-immunoreactive neurons overlap with progesterone receptors (PR) in the arcuate nucleus, we hypothesized that, if these neurons mediate, at least partially, the inhibitory feedback signal of progesterone, then they should co-express PRs. Fluorogold (FG), a retrograde tracer, was injected into the preoptic area of ovariectomized ewes pretreated with estrogen and progesterone. When the FG..

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University of Melbourne Researchers