Detection of Epidemic Scarlet Fever Group A Streptococcus in Australia
Mark J Walker, Stephan Brouwer, Brian M Forde, Kate A Worthing, Liam McIntyre, Lana Sundac, Sam Maloney, Leah W Roberts, Timothy C Barnett, Johanna Richter, Amanda J Cork, Adam D Irwin, Yuanhai You, Jianzhong Zhang, Gordon Dougan, Kwok Y Yuen, Victor Nizet, Scott A Beatson, Keith Grimwood, Mark R Davies
Clinical Infectious Diseases | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2019
Sentinel hospital surveillance was instituted in Australia to detect the presence of pandemic group A Streptococcus strains causing scarlet fever. Genomic and phylogenetic analyses indicated the presence of an Australian GAS emm12 scarlet fever isolate related to UK outbreak strains. National surveillance to monitor this pandemic is recommended.
This work was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia; the Wellcome Trust, UK; the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, People's Republic of China; the Department of Health Consultancy Service for Enhancing Laboratory Surveillance of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Hong Kong; Research Capability on Antimicrobial Resistance, Hong Kong; and the Queen Mary Hospital Charitable Trust, Hong Kong.