Journal article

Imminence in Refugee and Human Rights Law: A Misplaced Notion for International Protection

Adrienne Anderson, Michelle Foster, Helene Lambert, Jane McAdam

International and Comparative Law Quarterly | Cambridge University Press (CUP) | Published : 2019


This article is an output of a major research project examining the notion of imminence in the law on international protection. It is the first piece of scholarship to identify an emerging trend, namely the introduction of imminence—whether invoked implicitly or explicitly—as a potential barrier to refugee status or complementary protection. The article analyses the jurisprudence of relevant international bodies and courts and critiques the validity of this notion as a tool for assessing States’ protection obligations.

University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC)

Funding Acknowledgements

BA, LLB (Hons) (Auckland), LLM (Mich); Research Associate, Andrew & Renata Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law, Faculty of Law, UNSW Sydney and PhD candidate, University of Melbourne Law School. This article was produced under the auspices of an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Grant on 'The Concept of "Imminence" in the International Protection of Refugees', DP160100079. We acknowledge the generous support of the ARC, and thank Mimi Oorloff, JD student, Melbourne Law School, for excellent editorial assistance.