Influence of ultrasound frequency and power on lactose nucleation
Yanira Sanchez-Garcia, Muthupandian Ashokkumar, Timothy J Mason, Nestor Gutierrez-Mendez
JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2019
This work was aimed at studying the effect of different ultrasound frequencies (20, 44, 98, 142 kHz) and ultrasound powers (10, 20, 30 W) on lactose nucleation. For this purpose, lactose solutions (25% w/v) with traces of whey proteins (0.3%) were sonicated 300 s. Crystallization was induced by reducing the temperature from 30 to 15 °C, which increased the absolute supersaturation of lactose (Cα-Cαs) from 0.19 to 8.25 g 100 g−1. The nucleation of lactose was monitored by light scattering. Results showed that application of ultrasound (US) modified both, the molecular-attachment frequency to form new nuclei (k) and the induction time. The ultrasound effect on lactose nucleation varied dependi..View full abstract
The Mexican Nacional Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) supported this research through the grant conceded to Yanira I. Sanchez-Garcia. The authors also wish to thanks to Sukhvir Kaur Bhangu for her support in this work, and to Aracely Pinon-Garcia for her contribution in the artwork of Fig. 1.