Journal article

The counter-propagating Rossby-wave perspective on baroclinic instability. II: Application to the Charney model

E Heifetz, J Methven, BJ Hoskins, CH Bishop

QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY | WILEY | Published : 2004

Abstract

The constant-density Charney model describes the simplest unstable basic state with a planetary-vorticity gradient, which is uniform and positive, and baroclinicity that is manifest as a negative contribution to the potential-vorticity (PV) gradient at the ground and positive vertical wind shear. Together, these ingredients satisfy the necessary conditions for baroclinic instability. In Part I it was shown how baroclinic growth on a general zonal basic state can be viewed as the interaction of pairs of 'counter-propagating Rossby waves' (CRWs) that can be constructed from a growing normal mode and its decaying complex conjugate. In this paper the normal-mode solutions for the Charney model a..

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