Journal article

γδ T cells producing interleukin-17A regulate adipose regulatory T cell homeostasis and thermogenesis.

Ayano C Kohlgruber, Shani T Gal-Oz, Nelson M LaMarche, Moto Shimazaki, Danielle Duquette, Hui-Fern Koay, Hung N Nguyen, Amir I Mina, Tyler Paras, Ali Tavakkoli, Ulrich von Andrian, Adam P Uldrich, Dale I Godfrey, Alexander S Banks, Tal Shay, Michael B Brenner, Lydia Lynch

Nature Immunology | Nature Research | Published : 2018


γδ T cells are situated at barrier sites and guard the body from infection and damage. However, little is known about their roles outside of host defense in nonbarrier tissues. Here, we characterize a highly enriched tissue-resident population of γδ T cells in adipose tissue that regulate age-dependent regulatory T cell (Treg) expansion and control core body temperature in response to environmental fluctuations. Mechanistically, innate PLZF+ γδ T cells produced tumor necrosis factor and interleukin (IL) 17 A and determined PDGFRα+ and Pdpn+ stromal-cell production of IL-33 in adipose tissue. Mice lacking γδ T cells or IL-17A exhibited decreases in both ST2+ Treg cells and IL-33 abundance in ..

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Awarded by NIH HHS

Funding Acknowledgements

We thank A. T. Chicoine, flow cytometry core manager at the Human Immunology Center at BWH, for flow cytometry sorting. We thank D. Sant'Angelo (Rutgers Cancer Institute) for providing Zbtb16<SUP>-/-</SUP> mice and R. O'Brien (National Jewish Health) for providing Vg4/6<SUP>-/-</SUP> mice. This research was supported by NIH grant R01 AI11304603 (to M.B.B.) and ERC Starting Grant 679173 (to L.L.).