Journal article

Single-breath washout and association with structural lung disease in children with cystic fibrosis

Sophie Yammine, Kathryn A Ramsey, Billy Skoric, Louise King, Philipp Latzin, Tim Rosenow, Graham L Hall, Sarath C Ranganathan



BACKGROUND: In children with cystic fibrosis (CF) lung clearance index (LCI) from multiple-breath washout (MBW) correlates with structural lung disease. As a shorter test, single-breath washout (SBW) represents an attractive alternative to assess the ventilation distribution, however, data for the correlation with lung imaging are lacking. METHODS: We assessed correlations between phase III slope (SIII) of double-tracer gas SBW, nitrogen MBW indices (LCI and moment ratios for overall ventilation distribution, Scond, and Sacin for conductive and mainly acinar ventilation, respectively) and structural lung disease assessed by chest computed tomography (CT) in children with CF. RESULTS: In a pr..

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