Journal article

Summary statistic analyses do not correct confounding bias

John Holmes, Doug Speed, David Balding

Published : 2019


LD SCore regression (LDSC) has become a popular approach to estimate confounding bias, heritability and genetic correlation using only genome wide association study (GWAS) test statistics. SumHer is a newly-introduced alternative with similar aims. We show using theory and simulations that both approaches fail to adequately account for confounding bias, even when the assumed heritability model is correct. Consequently, these methods may estimate heritability poorly if there was inadequate adjustment for confounding in the original GWAS analysis. We also show that choice of summary statistic for use in LDSC or SumHer can have a large impact on resulting inferences. Further, covariate adjustme..

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