Journal article

Surface Roughness Effects Studies in Transportation Industries

Zambri Harun, Ashraf Amer Abbas, Bagus Nugroho, Leon Chan, Sohif Mat

JURNAL KEJURUTERAAN | UKM Press | Published : 2018

Abstract

Aerodynamic and skin friction effects are two main factors determining fuel efficiencies in the transportation industry. In any of transportation areas, either road transport, railway, maritime or aerospace, fuel efficiency has become interesting and sometimes sensitive topics. Data were from experimental studies, simulations as well as news and discussions in engineering bulletinsdanfuel efficiency, i. e. skin friction. Studies in skin friction are very important because skin friction drag account the majority of drag in a streamlined body e. g. tankers. The use of biomimetic, i. e. the study of the structures and functions of biological systems in the design of engineering systems has attr..

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Grants

Awarded by Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia


Awarded by UKM grant


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Research Fund provided by The Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia via grant FRGS/2016/TK03/UKM/02/1/ and UKM grant AP-2015-003.