Homelessness and Incarceration: A Reciprocal Relationship?
J Moschion, Guy Johnson
Journal of Quantitative Criminology | Springer Verlag | Published : 2019
Objectives Examine whether exits from incarceration lead to homelessness and whether homelessness leads to incarceration. Methods This paper uses a unique longitudinal dataset which follows disadvantaged Australians over 2.5 years and provides very detailed information on their housing circumstances. Although studies consistently report a positive association between incarceration and homelessness, little is known about the causal relationship between them. We advance in that direction by exploiting the longitudinal dimension of our data in two ways: (i) employing individual fixed effects models to deal with time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity; (ii) lagging key independent variables to ..View full abstract
This paper uses data from the Journeys Home study, which was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS), and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (Melbourne Institute). The findings and views in this paper should not however be attributed to either the DSS or the Melbourne Institute. The authors would like to thank Marah Curtis, Amanda Geller, Stephen Metraux and Dan O'Flaherty for useful comments and suggestions on earlier drafts.