Journal article

FATAL PEPTIC-ULCER COMPLICATIONS AND THE USE OF NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUGS, ASPIRIN, AND CORTICOSTEROIDS

DA HENRY, A JOHNSTON, A DOBSON, J DUGGAN

BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL | BRITISH MED JOURNAL PUBL GROUP | Published : 1987

Abstract

Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are known to cause peptic ulcer and its complications, controversy exists about the number of deaths from ulcer which are attributable to their use. A case-control study was therefore performed to determine whether prior use of non-steroidal and other anti-inflammatory compounds was associated with an increased case fatality rate from complications of peptic ulcer. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were used by 39% of a series of 80 patients who had died from peptic ulcer complications and by 37% of 160 controls who were survivors matched for sex, age, ulcer site, and nature of complication (odds ratio 1.1; 95% confidence interval 0.6 to 2.1..

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