Journal article

Technologies to minimize blood transfusion in cardiac and orthopedic surgery - Results of a practice variation survey in nine countries

D Fergusson, A Blair, D Henry, A Hisashige, C Huet, A Koopman-van Gemert, E Katz, B McClelland, H Sigmund, A Laupacis

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT IN HEALTH CARE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 1999

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Due to the discovery in the 1980s that blood transfusion can transmit HIV, there has been increased interest in technologies that reduce the amount of allogeneic blood used during and after surgery. These technologies include drugs (aprotinin, tranexamic acid, epsilon-aminocaproic acid, erythropoietin), devices (cell salvage), and techniques (acute hemodilution, predeposited autologous donation). The purpose of this study was to ascertain the degree of practice variation, if any, that exists for eight technologies in nine countries in orthopedic and cardiac surgery. METHODS: In each country, either all hospitals or a random sample of hospitals with medical/surgical beds were surv..

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