Journal article

Interactive effects of dehydroepiandrosterone and testosterone on cortical thickness during early brain development.

Tuong-Vi Nguyen, James T McCracken, Simon Ducharme, Brett F Cropp, Kelly N Botteron, Alan C Evans, Sherif Karama

J Neurosci | Published : 2013

Abstract

Humans and the great apes are the only species demonstrated to exhibit adrenarche, a key endocrine event associated with prepubertal increases in the adrenal production of androgens, most significantly dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and to a certain degree testosterone. Adrenarche also coincides with the emergence of the prosocial and neurobehavioral skills of middle childhood and may therefore represent a human-specific stage of development. Both DHEA and testosterone have been reported in animal and in vitro studies to enhance neuronal survival and programmed cell death depending on the timing, dose, and hormonal context involved, and to potentially compete for the same signaling pathways. ..

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