Journal article

Dose-dependent exacerbation of ventilation-induced lung injury by erythropoietin in preterm newborn lambs.

Beth J Allison, Domenic A LaRosa, Samantha K Barton, Stuart Hooper, Valerie Zahra, Mary Tolcos, Kyra YY Chan, Jade Barbuto, Ishmael M Inocencio, Timothy J Moss, Graeme R Polglase

J Appl Physiol (1985) | Published : 2019

Abstract

Erythropoietin (EPO) is being trialled in preterm infants to reduce brain injury, but high doses increase lung injury in ventilated preterm lambs. We aimed to determine whether early administration of lower doses of EPO could reduce ventilation-induced lung injury and systemic inflammation in preterm lambs. Ventilation was initiated in anaesthetized preterm lambs [125 ± 1 (SD) days gestation] using an injurious strategy for the first 15 min. Lambs were subsequently ventilated with a protective strategy for a total of 2 h. Lambs were randomized to receive either intravenous saline (Vent; n = 7) or intravenous 300 ( n = 5), 1,000 (EPO1000; n = 5), or 3,000 (EPO3000; n = 5) IU/kg of human recom..

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