Journal article

Spontaneous healing of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease in Australian patients

Daniel P O'Brien, Adrian Murrie, Peter Meggyesy, Jonathan Priestley, Avinash Rajcoomar, Eugene Athan

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium ulcerans causes necrotising infections of skin and soft tissue mediated by the polyketide exotoxin mycolactone that causes cell apoptosis and immune suppression. It has been postulated that infection can be eradicated before the development of clinical lesions but spontaneous resolution of clinical lesions has been rarely described. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We report a case series of five Australian patients who achieved healing of small M. ulcerans lesions without antibiotics or surgery. The median age of patients was 47 years (IQR 30-68 years) and all patients had small ulcerative lesions (median size 144mm2, IQR 121-324mm2). The median duration of symptoms..

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