Journal article

Numerical Study of Incomplete Stent Apposition Caused by Deploying Undersized Stent in Arteries With Elliptical Cross Sections

Bo Jiang, Vikas Thondapu, Eric KW Poon, Peter Barlis, Andrew SH Ooi

Journal of Biomechanical Engineering | ASME | Published : 2019

Abstract

Incomplete stent apposition (ISA) is one of the causes leading to poststent complications, which can be found when an undersized or an underexpanded stent is deployed at lesions. The previous research efforts have focused on ISA in idealized coronary arterial geometry with circular cross section. However, arterial cross section eccentricity plays an important role in both location and severity of ISA. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are carried out to systematically study the effects of ISA in arteries with elliptical cross section, as such stents are partially embedded on the minor axis sides of the ellipse and malapposed elsewhere. Overall, ISA leads to high time-averaged wa..

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