Gene therapy for optic nerve disease.
KRG Martin, HA Quigley
Eye | Published : 2004
PURPOSE: There has been recent interest in the potential use of gene therapy techniques to treat ocular disease. In this article, we consider the optic nerve diseases that are potentially most amenable to gene therapy. METHODS: We discuss the recent success of gene transfer experiments in animal models of glaucoma, optic neuritis, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), and optic nerve transection, and we assess the possibility of using similar techniques to treat human disease in the future. RESULTS: We have achieved highly efficient transfection of retinal ganglion cells in a rat model of glaucoma following a single intravitreal injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV). In our model, ..View full abstract