Conference Proceedings

Biofuels

S Freguia, B Virdis, K Rabaey

Springer Berlin Heidelberg | Published : 2014

Abstract

Increasing pressure to move towards energy sustainability and reduce society's dependence on fossil fuels has led to much research and development in the area of biofuels. First-generation biofuel production (e.g., ethanol from corn) is a mature technology, but competition with food crops raises questions about sustainability. Second-generation biofuels are produced from waste biomass and thus are perceived as more viable, but technology is not ready for large-scale implementation particularly due to the hydrolysis challenge. The third generation of biofuels captures sunlight directly as fuels or fuel precursors via photosynthesis. Prokaryotic organisms play a crucial role in the majority of..

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