Conference Proceedings

Comparison of Cardiac Output of Both 2-Dimensional and 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography With Transpulmonary Thermodilution During Cardiac Surgery

David Jeffrey Canty, Martin Kim, Ranjan Guha, Tuan Pham, Alistair G Royse, Sandy Errey-Clarke, Julian A Smith, Colin F Royse

Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia | W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2020


OBJECTIVES: To compare agreement and variability of cardiac output measurement of 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with thermodilution before and after bypass. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Two tertiary hospitals. INTERVENTIONS: Cardiac output (CO) was measured simultaneously with thermodilution and TEE by multiplying either the left ventricular outflow tract area (LVOTA) or aortic valve area (AVA), the velocity-time integral (VTI) of flow at the same site, and heart rate. The LVOTA was calculated using diameter for 2D TEE. Planimetry was used for 3D TEE. The AVA was measured using planimetry. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 82 adult pati..

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