Conference Proceedings

Novel Combination Therapy Targeting rDNA Transcription and Histone Deacetylation Provides Effective Treatment for Multiple Myeloma, and Synergises in Bortezomib-Resistant MM

Kylee H Maclachlan, Andrew Cuddihy, Nadine Hein, Carleen Cullinane, Simon J Harrison, Ross Hannan, Gretchen Poortinga

BLOOD | AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY | Published : 2018

Abstract

Abstract Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) requires combination drug therapies to delay acquired drug resistance and clinical relapse. We co-developed CX-5461, a highly-selective inhibitor of RNA polymerase I-mediated rDNA transcription(1), currently in phase I trials for relapsed haematological malignancies (Peter Mac). CX-5461 produces a targeted nucleolar DNA damage response (DDR), triggering both a p53-dependent and -independent nucleolar stress response and killing malignant cells while sparing normal cells(2,3). Single-agent CX-5461 provides an impressive survival benefit in mouse models of B-cell lymphoma, acute myeloid leukaemia and now MM(2,4,5). However, drug resista..

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