Quantification of mandibular sexual dimorphism during adolescence.
Yi Fan, Anthony Penington, Nicky Kilpatrick, Rita Hardiman, Paul Schneider, John Clement, Peter Claes, Harold Matthews
Journal of Anatomy | Published : 2019
The present study investigates how sexual dimorphism in the human mandible develops in three-dimensionally during adolescence. A cross-sectional sample of mandibular meshes of 268 males and 386 females, aged between 8.5 and 19.5 years of age, were derived from cone beam computed tomography and were analysed using geometric morphometric methods. Growth trajectories of the mandible in males and females were modelled separately using a recently developed non-linear kernel regression framework. Growth rate and direction at a dense array of points all over the mandibular surface were visualized within each group and compared between groups. We found that mandibular sexual dimorphism already exist..View full abstract