A Novel Approach to Detect Programed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Status and Multiple Tumor Mutations Using a Single Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Bronchoscopy Specimen
Amanda Vannitamby, Shona Hendry, Tanvi Makadia, Janine Danks, John Slavin, Louis Irving, Daniel Steinfort, Steven Bozinovski
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTICS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2019
Multiple biomarkers are under evaluation to guide the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including programed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor cell staining. We have developed a new approach that accurately quantifies PD-L1 status and identifies multiple mutations by using a single bronchoscopy specimen. A novel molecular marker was identified to detect the presence of malignant cells in radial endobronchial ultrasound bronchial brushings from NSCLC (n = 15) and benign (n = 13) nodules by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). The MMP9:TIMP3 transcript ratio was significantly increased in NSCLC and using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis ac..View full abstract
Supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council and the Australian Research Council.