Journal article

Development of a vision impairment score for the assessment of functional vision in dogs: Initial evidence of validity, reliability, and responsiveness

Kathleen L Graham, Jacky Reid, Cameron JG Whittaker, Evelyn JS Hall, Kelly Caruso, Christina I McCowan, Andrew White

Veterinary Ophthalmology | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

AIM: To describe the development and initial validation of a questionnaire measuring functional vision in dogs. METHODS: A 17-item survey was designed to quantify functional vision in dogs. The Vision Impairment Score (VIS) was determined by summing responses to each question. Questions were assigned to one of five subcategories: overall vision, daily activities, peripheral vision, near vision, and distance vision. Content validity was established during development phases, and construct validity via comparing results of known groups (blind vs sighted; normal vs impaired vision; surgery to improve vision vs nonrestorative surgery), and through factor analysis. Concurrent criterion validity w..

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University of Melbourne Researchers