Journal article

The Effects of Clioquinol on P-glycoprotein Expression and Biometal Distribution in the Mouse Brain Microvasculature

Mitchell P McInerney, Yijun Pan, Irene Volitakis, Ashley I Bush, Jennifer L Short, Joseph A Nicolazzo

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that the ionophore clioquinol (CQ), in conjunction with the biometals copper and zinc, increases the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in human cerebral microvascular endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cells. As P-gp expression and function at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is of great interest regarding CNS drug access and endogenous toxin trafficking (e.g., amyloid beta), the present study assessed the in vivo translation of these previous in vitro findings. Swiss outbred mice received an 11-day treatment of CQ (30 mg/kg) by oral gavage, after which brain microvessel-enriched fractions (MEFs) and surrounding interfaces (subcortical brain tissue and plasma) were extr..

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