Journal article

Within-Person Associations Between Financial Hardship and Cognitive Performance in the PATH Through Life Study

Kim M Kiely, Kaarin J Anstey, Peter Butterworth

American Journal of Epidemiology | Oxford University Press (OUP) | Published : 2019

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the within-person associations between the experience of financial hardship and cognitive performance throughout adulthood. Three waves of data provided by 6,343 participants (49% men) were analyzed from a representative community-based sample from Canberra, Australia (2003–2015). The outcome was a composite measure reflecting fluid cognitive abilities. Financial hardship was assessed by markers of scarcity (being unable to heat the home, missing meals, and going without other basic needs) and behavioral responses to hardship (pawning items and seeking help from community welfare organizations). Multivariable-adjusted fixed-effect regression models fo..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council


Awarded by Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Cognitive Health


Funding Acknowledgements

The Personality and Total Health Through Life Study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (grants 973302, 179805, 1100579, and 1002160), the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (grant CE170500005), and Safe Work Australia. K. M. K. is supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (fellowship 1088313). K. J. A. is funded by National Health and Medical Research Council (fellowship 1102694). P. B. is funded by a University of Melbourne, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences Research Fellowship. We acknowledge support from the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Cognitive Health (grant 1100579).