Journal article

Preclinical models of radiation-induced lung damage: challenges and opportunities for small animal radiotherapy

Mihaela Ghita, Victoria Dunne, Gerard G Hanna, Kevin M Prise, Jaqueline P Williams, Karl T Butterworth

The British Journal of Radiology | BRITISH INST RADIOLOGY | Published : 2019

Abstract

Despite a major paradigm shift in radiotherapy planning and delivery over the past three decades with continuing refinements, radiation-induced lung damage (RILD) remains a major dose limiting toxicity in patients receiving thoracic irradiations. Our current understanding of the biological processes involved in RILD which includes DNA damage, inflammation, senescence and fibrosis, is based on clinical observations and experimental studies in mouse models using conventional radiation exposures. Whilst these studies have provided vital information on the pulmonary radiation response, the current implementation of small animal irradiators is enabling refinements in the precision and accuracy of..

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