What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Jo Robinson, Eleanor Bailey, Katrina Witt, Nina Stefanac, Allison Milner, Dianne Currier, Jane Pirkis, Patrick Condron, Sarah Hetrick
ECLINICALMEDICINE | ELSEVIER | Published : 2018
Background: Young people require specific attention when it comes to suicide prevention, however efforts need to be based on robust evidence. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all studies examining the impact of interventions that were specifically designed to reduce suicide-related behavior in young people. Findings: Ninety-nine studies were identified, of which 52 were conducted in clinical settings, 31 in educational or workplace settings, and 15 in community settings. Around half were randomized controlled trials. Large scale interventions delivered in both clinical and educational settings appear to reduce self-harm and suicidal ideation post-intervention, a..View full abstract
Funding from the Future Global Generations Fund and the William Buckland Foundation supported several of the research assistants (including EB and NS). JR is supported by a NHMRC Career Development Fellowship. SH is supported by an Auckland Medical Research Foundation Douglas Goodfellow Repatriation Fellowship. AM is supported by the Victorian Health andMedical Research Fellowship. KWis supported by a post-doctoral fellowship awarded by the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.