Conference Proceedings

Nitrogen for smallholders and cereal crops in Myanmar: economic and social dimensions for fertility decisions

Robert Farquharson, T Ramilan, S THAR, Mar Than Shwe, Nay Myo Aung

Australian Agricultural & Resource Economics Society | Published : 2017

Abstract

The underperformance of cereal crops in Myanmar is closely related to inadequate supply of nutrients, particularly nitrogen (N). Although other crop management practices can limit crop yields, management of nutrients for crop production is an important contemporary issue. Myanmar rice growers have changed from being mainly subsistence to semi-subsistence, and there are also good prospects for increasing rice exports. Therefore there are incentives to improve rice yields and profits. Similarly for maize, as a higher value crop, there is a strong incentive to improve production and profits. But smallholder options to increase crop fertility must be considered in the social and economic cont..

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