Journal article

Economic development and the nutritional status of Chinese school-aged children and adolescents from 1995 to 2014: an analysis of five successive national surveys

Yanhui Dong, Catherine Jan, Yinghua Ma, Bin Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Yide Yang, Rongbin Xu, Yi Song, Jun Ma, Susan M Sawyer, George C Patton

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic development is widely regarded as contributing to improved nutrition in children. We aimed to assess the association between socioeconomic indicators and child and adolescent nutritional status, and the differences in this association between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We extracted data from the 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2014 cycles of the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health. We analysed these data for three nutritional outcomes-stunting, thinness, and overweight and obesity-in children and adolescents aged between 7 and 18 years, as defined by WHO standards and classifications. We included three socioeconomic indicators-gross domesti..

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Grants

Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation


Awarded by Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health of the Ministry of Health of China (1147 project)


Awarded by China Scholarship Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (grant no 81673192 to JM), the Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health of the Ministry of Health of China (1147 project; grant no 201202010 to JM), and the China Scholarship Council (grant nos 201806010592 to YD and 201606015038 to YS). We thank all study team members and the participating students, teachers, parents and local education and health staff in the programmes for their support.