Journal article

The epidemiological transition in Papua New Guinea: new evidence from verbal autopsy studies

Hebe N Gouda, Riley H Hazard, Seri Maraga, Abraham D Flaxman, Andrea Stewart, Jonathan C Joseph, Patricia Rarau, Regina Wangnapi, Harry Poka, Peter Serina, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Bang N Pham, Miriam Vano, Sebeya Lupiwa, Albert Sie, Helen Kave, Deborah Lehmann, Peter Siba, Alan D Lopez, Ian D Riley

International Journal of Epidemiology | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent economic growth in Papua New Guinea (PNG) would suggest that the country may be experiencing an epidemiological transition, characterized by a reduction in infectious diseases and a growing burden from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, data on cause-specific mortality in PNG are very sparse, and the extent of the transition within the country is poorly understood. METHODS: Mortality surveillance was established in four small populations across PNG: West Hiri in Central Province, Asaro Valley in Eastern Highlands Province, Hides in Hela Province and Karkar Island in Madang Province. Verbal autopsies (VAs) were conducted on all deaths identified, and causes of death..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (631494), Partnership in Health of Exxon Mobil PNG LNG Project. The funders of the study had no role in study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation or writing of the paper.