Journal article

Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly care (MIDDEL): protocol and statistical analysis plan for a multinational cluster-randomised trial

Christian Gold, Jasmin Eickholt, Jorg Assmus, Brynjulf Stige, Jo Dugstad Wake, Felicity Anne Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Imogen Clark, Young-Eun Claire Lee, Stine Lindahl Jacobsen, Hanne Mette Ochsner Ridder, Gunter Kreutz, Dorothea Muthesius, Thomas Wosch, Enrico Ceccato, Alfredo Raglio, Mirella Ruggeri, Annemiek Vink, Sytse Zuidema, Helen Odell-Miller Show all

BMJ OPEN | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In older adults, dementia and depression are associated with individual distress and high societal costs. Music interventions such as group music therapy (GMT) and recreational choir singing (RCS) have shown promising effects, but their comparative effectiveness across clinical subgroups is unknown. This trial aims to determine effectiveness of GMT, RCS and their combination for care home residents and to examine heterogeneity of treatment effects across subgroups. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This large, pragmatic, multinational cluster-randomised controlled trial with a 2×2 factorial design will compare the effects of GMT, RCS, both or neither, for care home residents aged 65 years ..

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