Journal article

Evolutionary history of stomach bot flies in the light of mitogenomics

Liping Yan, Thomas Pape, Mark A Elgar, Yunyun Gao, Dong Zhang



Stomach bot flies (Calyptratae: Oestridae, Gasterophilinae) are obligate endoparasitoids of Proboscidea (i.e. elephants), Rhinocerotidae (i.e. rhinos) and Equidae (i.e. horses and zebras, etc.), with their larvae developing in the digestive tract of hosts with very strong host specificity. They represent an extremely unusual diversity among dipteran, or even insect parasites in general, and therefore provide significant insights into the evolution of parasitism. The phylogeny of stomach bot flies was reconstructed based on extensive mitochondrial genomic data for Cobboldia, Gyrostigma and six of the eight known species of Gasterophilus. The phylogenetic tree, i.e. {Cobboldia, [Gyrostigma, (G..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Prof. Rudolf Meier (National University of Singapore, Singapore), Prof. Thierry Bourgoin (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France), Prof. Adrian Lister (Natural History Museum, U.K.) and Dr. Juha Saarinen (University of Helsinki, Finland) for kindly providing valuable comments to the manuscript. This study was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (no. JC2015-04) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos 31572305 and 31872964). The authors declare no conflict of interest.