Induction of micronuclei in V79 cells by fractions of roofing asphalt fume condensate.
H Qian, W Whong, L Olsen, J Nath, T Ong
Mutat Res | Published : 1999
More than 50,000 workers in the United States are exposed to roofing asphalt fumes that may pose genotoxic and potential carcinogenic hazards. The Type III roofing asphalt is most frequently used in roof-application. Results of our previous studies showed that fume condensates of Type III roofing asphalts induced micronuclei (MN) in vitro in cultured V79 cells and DNA adduct formation in vivo in rat lung cells. In this study, the genotoxicity of whole fume condensates (WFC) of Type III roofing asphalt and its five chemical fractions (A, B, C, D and E) was determined by the micronucleus assay using V79 cells. Linear regressions were determined for the dose response of MN frequencies and perce..View full abstract