Journal article

Within-individual analysis of pain and sickness absence among employees from low and high occupational classes: a record linkage study

Aapo Hiilamo, Peter Butterworth, Rahman Shiri, Annina Ropponen, Olli Pietilainen, Minna Manty, Anne Kouvonen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen, Tea Lallukka

BMJ Open | BMJ Journals | Published : 2019

Abstract

Objectives Pain is linked to an increased risk of sickness absence (SA); however, the extent to which unmeasured time-invariant differences explain this association is yet unknown. Therefore, we determined the within-individual associations between pain and short-term (in the survey year) and long-term (2 years following the survey years) SA risk in high and low occupational classes while controlling for the potential bias due to unobservable time-invariant characteristics. Methods The Helsinki Health Study data consisting of midlife public sector employees with mailed surveys from up to four time points, and SA record linkage were used (3983 persons). The within-individual estimates were..

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Grants

Awarded by Academy of Finland


Awarded by Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)


Awarded by Finnish Work Environment Fund


Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

TL and AH are supported by the Academy of Finland (Grants #287488 and #319200). AK is supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (grant ES/L007509/1). OR is supported by the Academy of Finland (grant 1294514) and the Juho Vainio Foundation. OP is supported by the Academy of Finland (grant 1294514). MM is supported by the Finnish Work Environment Fund (grant 115182) and the Juho Vainio Foundation. PB is supported by a Future Fellowship from the Australian Research Council (FT13101444).